Could Tinnitus be Caused by Post-Traumatic Stress?

Ear ringing is a symptom that people may encounter from time to time in their lives. Although it may be a temporary condition for some people, it can become a chronic problem for others. Can tinnitus, which can occur depending on many factors, also be a sign of post-traumatic stress? This question is a topic that bothers many people. In this article, the causes of tinnitus and its relationship with post-traumatic stress will be discussed.

What is Tinnitus?

Tinnitus is the perception of sound such as ringing, buzzing, hissing, or roaring in the ears. These sounds are usually felt in the ear or head and are described as disturbing by many people. Tinnitus can result from hearing loss or other health problems. However, sometimes tinnitus with no identifiable cause can also occur.

What are the Causes of Tinnitus?

The causes of tinnitus generally arise from problems related to the ear or hearing system. Hearing loss, ear infections, fluid accumulation in the ear, and perforations in the eardrum can cause tinnitus. Additionally, listening to loud music, working in noisy environments, or prolonged exposure to noise can also lead to tinnitus.

However, the cause of tinnitus cannot always be clearly identified. In this case, it is called tinnitus with an unknown cause. Stress, anxiety, depression, and sleep disorders can also cause tinnitus or exacerbate existing tinnitus.

What is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder?

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a severe psychological condition that occurs after a traumatic event. PTSD is characterized by symptoms such as repetitive and vivid memories related to the trauma, as well as anxiety, fear, and panic attacks. PTSD is usually observed in individuals who have been exposed to war, natural disasters, a serious accident, or a serious crime. However, PTSD can develop after any serious event.

The Relationship between Post-Traumatic Stress and Tinnitus

Whether post-traumatic stress can cause tinnitus is still a subject of debate. However, some studies indicate that people with PTSD are more likely to experience tinnitus.

There are several factors that are thought to cause post-traumatic stress-related tinnitus. Firstly, changes in stress hormones are among these factors. Stress hormones can affect the hearing system in the ear and brain. These effects can cause tinnitus.

However, tinnitus is generally not associated with a single cause. Tinnitus associated with PTSD can also occur due to the effects of other factors. For example, individuals experiencing a stressful period may consume high amounts of caffeine. This can cause or exacerbate tinnitus.

Treatment of Tinnitus

The treatment of tinnitus can vary depending on the cause of the symptoms. When a specific cause such as hearing loss, ear infections, or ruptured eardrums is identified, the treatment will be focused on that problem. However, treating tinnitus with an unknown cause can be more difficult.

There are many methods that can be used to reduce tinnitus. For example, yoga or meditation can be practiced to reduce stress. Some medications can also be used to alleviate tinnitus. These medications can be antidepressants or anti-anxiety drugs.


Tinnitus can be associated with many causes, and post-traumatic stress can be one of them. However, the cause of tinnitus cannot always be clearly identified and cannot be associated with a single cause. People experiencing tinnitus can take steps to identify the cause and receive appropriate treatment by consulting with a specialist.